Tinos is the fourth largest island in the Cyclades (area 194.59 sq. km.). It has 8,636 inhabitants divided into 62 settlements. It belongs to the northern Cyclades and is located southeast of Andros and northwest of Mykonos.
Tinos was named after King Tinos, the first settler of the island and leader of a group of Ionians from the Karia of Asia Minor, who resided here during the prehistoric years.
According to a Greek myth, the god of the sea Poseidon sent a swarm of storks in order to get rid of thousands of snakes that had almost invaded the island. Thus, the residents were grateful to Poseidon and his mythical wife Amfitritis, who raised two temples to honor them as their protectors. . These temples are located in the area of Kionia within walking distance from Tinos town. Indeed these two temples during the historical times evolved into a large religious center where the Pilgrims of the sacred Delos stopped first for catharsis. The original names of the island were “Ophiusa” and “Hydroessa” or “Ydrousa” from the greek word ‘snake’ and the rich natural sources of the island. Hence, the plot of the myth.
The highest mountain of the island with a height of 726 m is Tsiknias, which is located in the east. In the central part dominates the steep rock of Exomvourgo (or Xombourgo) with 641 m height with an ancient Venetian city, whose upper part is unaffected because it is steep from the three sides and also known as the plateau of Patela or “Valley of war”.
The total length of the coastline, which presents a rich horizontal and vertical dismemberment, with many coves and capes, is estimated at a total of 114 kilometres along with the rocky islets at the north end, and the islets Drakonisi and Prasonisia on the northern coasts, while the beaches are in a short distance from the coast that reaches approximately 37 nautical miles.